Nature in Breda
Breda is a city well known for its green character with amongst others the parc Valkenberg inside the city, the moats around the historical centre, the river Mark and the forests surrounding Breda. These elements make the city of Breda especially attractive for living and working.
The parc of ValkenbergThis park is situated inside Breda, next to the castle. Until 1812 the park was a castle garden for the Lords of Breda. The park used to be a real forest with high trees. However, in the 17th century it became a French garden. The Valkenberg is now composed of a pond with a fountain, trees, plants and a few statues. It has become a peaceful area in the city to cycle and walk. Besides there is a small place where it is possible to have something to drink.
The Wilhelmina parcThis park borders the districts of Sportpark and Zandberg and is at a short distance of the centre of Breda. The garden architect Springer designed the Wilhelmina park in 1892. A street crosses the park. On both sides of the street is a beautiful pond. In commemoration to the Polish liberators there is a German Panther Tank in the park, that has been donated by the Polish to the city in 1945. The monument can be found on the edge of the Wilhelmina park.
The Wolfslaar parcThis park (Domain Wolfslaar) has a long history. In the east façade of the house a stone with the year 1694 has been found. In 1862 the baroness Charlotte Storm-Cuypers, who at that time was the owner, ordered the construction of the park and the solemn house with coach-house. The surrounding park is public and borders the forest of Ulvenhout. At present the house is being used as a luxurious place for conferences and parties. The coach-house has become a restaurant.
The Liesbos (Breda North-East)This forest is composed of foliage and pine trees. The name Liesbos probably comes from the grass called "liesgras" in Dutch and that has been growing there for centuries. In 1200 the area was described as the domain Hage and Lies. In order for the formerly noble owners to be able to hunt, monumental lanes have been constructed.
The Nature area of the Lage Vluchtpolder (Teteringse Heide)This nature area represents the transition between the sandy grounds and forests in the east and the clay ground in the west that border the Mark. In the 20th century is has become an agrarian area. At present the polder has been given back to nature and is part of the ecological, main structure of Brabant.
The Mastbos (Breda South)This forest is the most frequently visited forest at Breda and is well-known all over the country. The Mastbos got its name from the many pines that used to be called ‘mastbomen’ (‘mast’ trees) in Dutch. The mastbos is one of the oldest pineforests and the most ancient culture forest of the Netherlands. A forest that has started developing itself five hundred years after its construction as the long lanes, ponds and fens show.
The forest of Ulvenhout (Breda South)This forest is composed of the Sint-Annabos (forest of Sint Anna), the Voorbos (forest in front), the Nieuwbos (the new forest), the Prinsenbos (forest of princes) and the Chaambos (forest of Chaam). Certain parts of the Voorbos and Chaambos are about a 1000 years old. The forest has been managed since the 15th century for hunting and wood supply.
The Haagse Beemdenbos (Breda North-East)This forest is situated next to the Asterdplas. This forest is bordering the river the Mark and the village Terheijden. It has been created in the nineties for a land construction project. It is a mixed foliage forest of ash trees, beeches and alders.
The Galderse MerenThe Galderse Meren are situated south of Breda. The area has been named after the nearby village of Galder. The lakes have been created at the beginning of the 70s as a consequence of sand gain for the highway next to it. This lake is meant for swimming and windsurfing. There is also the possibility to practice diving.
AsterdplasThis lake is situated in the part of Asterd (Breda North-East), next to the Haagse Beemdenbos. Here you can swim, surf, sail or just relax. Especially in the Summer months there are many people from the district. It also has a beach with grass fields to sit on.
The River the MarkThe Mark rises at the Zandvenheide in Merksplas (Belgium). Then it flows to Breda where the Aa or Weerijs discharges. The Mark goes its way through the moats of Breda to the Hollandsch Diep. Along the river Mark beautiful walks are possible in the nature area of the ‘Markdal’ (the valley of Mark). This nature area is situated between Breda-South and the border of Belgium. In the meadows are many separate tracks for cycling and walking.
The river the Amer (about 20 km from Breda)This river is a continuation of the Bergsche Maas and discharges in the Hollands Diep. The Amer (at he harbour of Drimmelen) is a river where those who like watersports can satisfy their needs thanks to the nature area of the Biesbosch. The latter is famous for its exceptional flora and fauna and offers many possibilities for recreation. From Drimmelen it is possible to make a boat tour through the Biesbosch.
Breda is at a driving distance of about 1 hour of the North Sea. In many places there are large sand beaches and dunes. The distance to for instance Hoek van Holland is about 80 km and to the Zeeuwse eilanden (the islands of Zeeland) about 100 km. Here you can appreciate nature by walking, surfing, sailing, spending time in the sun and relaxing on one of the many bathing resorts. Further the famous bathing resort Scheveningen (at the Hague) or Knokke (Belgium) are at a driving distance (about 1,5 hour) of Breda.